What Is the Michigan Wellhead Protection Program?
First, it is important to determine the area which contributes groundwater to the public water wells. Communities will hire a consulting firm to do a thorough review of the groundwater that is supplying the drinking water wells. This study will determine how fast the groundwater is flowing and in what direction the groundwater is flowing. This area is called the Wellhead Protection Area (WHPA). An example of a WHPA is included. At the edge of this area, it would
take ten years for contamination to reach the community wells. This is the area that communities will manage and protect. Steps to manage and protect this area include: